Beta2-recettori linfocitari: a che punto siamo?

Abstract from: The beta2-adrenergic receptor on T and B lymphocytes: Do we understand it yet? (by Virginia M. Sanders)

The role played by the beta2-adrenergic receptor (b2AR) in regulating the level of T and B lymphocyte function has been studied for over half a century. During this time, we have learned that T and B lymphocytes express almost exclusively the b2AR, and that the level of expression on a specific lymphocyte subset differs due to epigenetic regulation by histone and DNA methylation. We have also learned that engagement of the b2AR on lymphocytes, by either norepinephrine or a selective pharmacologic ligand, regulates the level of lymphocyte activity differentially, depending on the time of receptor engagement in relation to the activation and differentiation state of the cell, the molecular signaling pathway activated, and the cytokine microenvironment. The challenge now is to determine if we understand enough about how this receptor functions on lymphocytes to predict the relevance of such regulation to overall immune homeostasis and the development/progression of human disease.


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